Click the images to see the various 4f orbitals
The lanthanide series is defined by the progressive filling of the 4f orbitals. These seven orbitals have the following ml values:
ml=0, ±1, ±2,
ml=0 are real, all the others are complex and so linear combinations must be taken to obtain
These are produced by simply taking linear
combinations of ml=±1, ±2, ±3
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