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Reaction of amine with the nitrosonium ion gives a diazonium salt. The diazonium salt is usually made in situ since it is usually unstable. If the alkyl group is replaced with an aryl group, the salt is stable at 0 oC and reacts with various nucleophiles.
The diazonium salt is used in Tiffeneau-Demjanov rearrangements.
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