A Level Hydrolysis of ethanoyl chloride

Click the structures and reaction arrows in sequence to view the 3D models and animations respectively

Acyl chlorides react with water in a three step process as shown above. First, there is an initial nucleophilic addition of water to the carbonyl group, this then undegoes an elimination reaction before finally reaching the product.

This reaction is useful in that it is a means of preparing carboxylic acids.

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