This series of diagrams illustrate the symmetry adapted linear combinations of ligand σ orbitals, which are represented by spheres.
The metal s orbital has a1g symmetry as it is symmetric to all operations. Hence it bonds with all the ligand σ orbitals in phase.
The p orbitals have t1u symmetry. The linear nature of p orbitals mean they only bond when pointing directly at ligand σ orbitals.
The d orbitals which have eg symmetry bond with ligand σ orbitals as they point directly at them.
The d orbitals which have t2g symmetry are non-bonding with ligand σ orbitals, as the ligand σ orbitals see equal amounts of in phase and out of phase orbital, hence a net zero interaction.
We are sorry that this page was not useful for you!
Let us improve this page!
Tell us how we can improve this page (in your own language if you prefer)? If you would like a response, please include your email address e.g. [email protected]